Windows Server 2012 autounattend

Configurare noua (How To)

Situatie

Instalare automata a sistemului de operare folosind “Answer File” (a.k.a autounattend.xml). Acest fisier XML contine setari personalizate (custom) care se aplica sistemului de operare in timpul instalarii. autounattend vine de la instalare fara interactiunea utilizatorului.

Download iso file de pe siteul Microsoft (este nevoie de cont MSDN). Se copiaza pe computer.

Solutie

Pasi de urmat

Se copiaza install.wim (din /sources) de pe kitul de Windows:1.extract_wim-300x226

Pornesti Windows SIM (Windows System Manager) parte din WAIK.

Selectezi “New Answer File“:

2.answer_file-300x238

Open Image File si browse la install.wim (pasul 3):

3.image_file-300x238

Create Catalog File “YES”. O sa dureze cateva minute…

4.catalog_file-300x238

Nota: Catalog file listeaza “starea” tuturor componentelor si a pachetelor dintr-un *.wim

Answer File linked la Catalog File:

5.calatog_answer-300x238

In Windows Image panel click pe “+Components (expand Components node). Se selecteaza componenta (se navigheaza/merge pana la ultimul nod) si cu click dreapta se adauga in Answer File (Add Setting to Pass *).

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-International-Core-WinPE – Setup UI Language:

component2-300x259

Setari:

component2_value-300x43component2_value1-300x34

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Setup – Create Partition:


component3-300x273Setari:

component3_value-300x24

component3_value1-300x38

 

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Setup – Modify Partition:

component4-300x282

Setari:

component4_value-300x61

 

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Setup – Install To:

component5-300x288

Setari:

component5_value-300x71

 

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Setup – Meta Data:

component6-300x288

Setari:

component6_value-300x53

 

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Setup – User data:

component7-300x278

Setari:

component7_value-300x26

component7_value1-300x31

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup – OOBE:

component8-300x288

Setari:

component8_value-300x57

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup -> Specialize:

component92-300x288

Setari:

component92_value-300x20

Componenta Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup -> oobeSystem:

component93-300x287Setari:

component93_value-300x29

 

Se salveaza Answer File -> autounattend.xml si se copiaza in iso (vezi pasul 1)

auto_boot-300x244

Se booteaza de pe noul iso -> sistemul se instaleaza fara interactiunea utilizatorului:

auto_install-300x225

Nota: Pentru restul distributiilor de Windows Server 2012 se modifica doar campul de key (cu serialul aferent) si metadata /IMAGE/Name cu:

Windows Server 2012 SERVERDATACENTER
Windows Server 2012 SERVERDATACENTERCORE
Windows Server 2012 SERVERWINFOUNDATION
Windows Server 2012 SERVERSTANDARD
Windows Server 2012 SERVERSTANDARDCORE

Nota: enable Administrator user (run “cmd” with User Account Control):

net user administrator /active:yes

Tip solutie

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