How to enable Tab Scrolling in Microsoft Edge

Microsoft Edge is a Chromium-based web browser, and as such limited to the same default tab handling mechanics as other Chromium-based browsers. By default, tabs get smaller and smaller the more you open, but there is no option to scroll them. Microsoft did introduce support for vertical tabs in the recent release of Edge 89 Stable, and the feature is suggested to users when too many tabs are opened. If you prefer to use a horizontal tab bar on the other hand, you are left with little when it comes to managing lots of tabs in Edge. You could install a browser extension to improve tab management, or, if you run the Canary version, enable tab scrolling.

Tab Scrolling is not a feature that Microsoft added to the browser; instead, it is a feature that is added to the Chromium core. You can enable it in Google Chrome development versions right now, but when you check the flags page in Edge, you will notice that the flag is missing. It appears that Microsoft did remove it, but not all is lost, as you can still enable the feature in Edge Canary.

All you need to do is add a startup parameter to Microsoft Edge to enable it in the browser.

Here is how that is done:

Right-click on the Edge icon on the taskbar, right-click again on Microsoft Edge, and select Properties from the menu.
Locate the target field, add a space at the end, and paste the following parameter afterwards:

It should show up like that (apart from the username “example”): “C:\Users\example\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge SxS\Application\msedge.exe” –enable-features=ScrollableTabStrip
Click on OK to save the change.
Restart Microsoft Edge Canary.
Once restarted, the following things happen:

  • Edge does not reduce the width of tabs below a minimum threshold anymore (that is larger than the default).
  • Not all tabs may be visible anymore at once because of that.
  • You may use the mousewheel to scroll tabs in the browser’s tab bar when you hover the cursor over the bar.

Note: the feature is experimental at this point in time. It is possible that Microsoft is removing support for it entirely in the browser, or that it is adding support for it at one time. For now, it works in development versions of Edge but not in stable versions.

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Is the Windows 10 app Microsoft Update Health Tools legitimate?

The Microsoft Update Health Tools application may be listed as an installed application on devices running Microsoft’s Windows 10 operating system. You may see it listed in the Settings application under Apps & Features, and also in the classic Programs and Features listing of the Control Panel.

The application is not listed in the Start Menu or linked on the desktop or taskbar. Some administrators and users may wonder about the purpose of the Microsoft Update Health Tools application, especially since it is not installed manually by users of the system. Is Microsoft Update Health Tools a legitimate application?

The short answer: yes, the program is legitimate. It has been created by Microsoft.

How does it end up on Windows 10 devices?

The application is pushed to Windows 10 devices via system updates, on most systems via Windows Updates, but it can also be installed manually via the Microsoft Update Catalog website. The update in question has the ID KB4023057. Its support page refers to it as “Update for Windows 10 Update Service components”, and labels it as an update for all major versions of the Windows 10 operating system.

Reports about the application go back to mid-2020 when users started to post questions about the functionality of the Microsoft Update Health Tools application on various forums and sites, including Microsoft’s own Community and Docs sites.

  • Microsoft provides the following information about the update:

This update includes files and resources that address issues that affect the update processes in Windows 10 that may prevent important Windows updates from being installed. These improvements help make sure that updates are installed seamlessly on your device, and they help improve the reliability and security of devices that are running Windows 10.

In other words: the update, and the Microsoft Update Health Tools application it installs, is designed to resolve updating issues on Windows 10 devices.

  • Microsoft lists a handful of issues that may be resolved with the help of the update:

Network settings may be reset.
Registry keys may be cleaned up that “may be preventing updates from being installed successfully”.
Repair disabled or corrupted components of the Windows 10 operating system.
Free up disk space to ensure that there is enough space for the update to be downloaded and installed successfully.
Reset the Windows Update database to repair problems.
What if the update is not installed (but Microsoft Health Update Tools is)?

If you check the list of installed Windows updates on newer versions of Windows 10, you may notice that KB4023057 may not be installed. Microsoft lists it as compatible with all versions of Windows 10, but the company’s Update Catalog website does not list versions of newer versions of Windows 10. The newest version listed is Windows 10 version 1803.

One possible explanation for the discrepancy is that Microsoft Update Health Tools may have been installed on earlier versions before the device itself was updated to a more recent version of Windows 10. Another explanation is that it the application could have been installed as part of another update on newer versions of Windows 10.

This needs more researching, feel free to leave a comment in this regard below.

  • Uninstall the Microsoft Update Health Tools application
  • You can remove the application from the system, e.g. by selecting the uninstall button in the Settings application. Note that doing so may interfere with the update capabilities of the system.

It is unclear whether the update will be pushed to systems again if issues are detected during system updates.

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Write notes in a new tab and save them locally with the TextNotes extension for Firefox

Found something interesting and want to save it for future reference? You could save the web page, or copy the content and save it in Notepad, or a cloud-based note taking service. But if you would like to save the note directly in Firefox, you’ll probably like the TextNotes extension.

Before you get your hopes up and think this is an add-on that saves notes to specific tabs, let me tell you that it doesn’t. Click on the extension’s button on the toolbar and a new tab opens. This is TextNotes’ interface, and the page is divided into two panes. The one on the left is the tree panel which lists the notes that you have added, select a note and its contents will appear on the right pane.

Well, there is no note available to begin with, so let’s add one. Click the + button above the tree and a new blank note is created. Place the cursor in the right pane and type away. TextNotes will automatically save the note. Where does it save it? The extension does not rely on cloud services, as I hinted earlier it is an offline add-on. Your notes are saved directly in your browser’s storage (in your current profile).

There is another way that you can create new notes. Select some text on a web page, access the right-click menu, and choose the option that says “Add Selected Text to TextNotes”. This creates a new note which contains the text, but it doesn’t include the title or the URL of the tab/page that the content was saved from.

You can open TextNotes with a hotkey; Ctrl + Alt + O. Don’t want to open it in a new tab? Use Ctrl + Alt + P, or click the toolbar button while holding the Ctrl key, to open the interface in a new window.

The hotkeys can be changed from Firefox’s add-ons page: Add-ons > Manage Extension Shortcuts > TextNotes.

You can trash notes, and the deleted notes are stored in the add-on’s built-in trash bin, from where they can be recovered instantly if required. Drag and drop notes to rearrange their order. Right-click on the sidebar to create a new note, add a separator to manage a collection of notes or to delete a note.

TextNotes has a feature called hyperclicks, which are clickable hyperlinks or URLS, paste the link in a note, and you’re good to go. To use a saved link, hold the Ctrl key and the left mouse button for a few seconds, that’s a Ctrl + long-click. This action opens the link in a new tab in the foreground. To open it in a background tab, make sure that Caps Lock is enabled while you Ctrl + long-click.

Since TextNotes does not support cloud-based synchronization of its own, you will have to rely on Firefox sync. But, in order to prevent loss of data, you may want to save your notes manually. Click on the three-dot icon in the top right corner of the add-on’s interface. Select Preferences and a pop-up window appears with 3 options. Hit the Save button to store your notes as a TN (compressed document) file. Or you can save the content directly to a plain-text file, which you can open with Notepad or any text editor of your choice.

The TN document is useful if you want to Load (import) it back to TextNotes. If you want cloud-support, you can save this file to your online storage account, as a backup. The add-on’s menu also has a Help file which explains how TextNotes works.

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uBlock Origin de Raymond Hill

În sfârșit, un blocant de reclame eficient. Folosește procesorul și memoria foarte puțin.

  • Despre această extensie

Un blocant (paravan) eficient: folosește foarte puțin procesorul și memoria și totuși poate încărca și aplica mii de filtre în plus față de alte paravane populare.

Utilizare: Butonul mare de pornire/oprire în fereastra paravanului este pentru a activa/dezactiva uBlock pentru site-ul curent. Funcția este valabilă doar pentru site-ul curent, nu la nivel global. Flexibil, mai mult decât un „blocant de reclame”: acesta poate citi și crea filtre din fișierele de gazde (hosts).

  • În mod implicit, aceste liste de filtre sunt încărcate și aplicate:

– EasyList
– Lista serverelor de reclame a lui Peter Lowe
– EasyPrivacy
– Domenii malițioase

  • De asemenea, mai sunt disponibile și alte liste precum:

– Lista îmbunătățită pentru urmărire a lui Fanboy
– Lista de gazde a lui Dan Pollock
– Lista de reclame și urmărire hpHosts
– Gazdele MVPS
– Spam404

Desigur, cu cât sunt mai multe filtre active cu atât mai mult este utilizată memoria. Totuși, chiar și după adăugarea în plus a două liste Fanboy și lista de reclame și urmărire hPhosts, uBlock₀ tot folosește mai puțină memorie decât restul paravanelor. De retinut că odată cu selectarea în plus a unora dintre liste se poate ajunge la afectarea aspectului site-urilor — în special listele care sunt în mod normal liste de gazde.

Fără listele prestabilite de filtre această extensie nu face nimic. Așadar, dacă totuși vreți să contribuiți, gândiți-vă la persoanele care muncesc să întrețină aceste filtre pe care le utilizați, care sunt oferite pentru utilizare gratuită.

Acest supliment trebuie să:

  • Să citească și să modifice setările de confidențialitate
  • Să acceseze filele browserului
  • Să stocheze un volum nelimitat de date pe partea de client
  • Să acceseze activitatea browserului în timpul navigării
  • Să îți acceseze datele pentru toate site-urile web
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How to Calculate the Sum of Squares in Excel

Start a new column anywhere in an Excel spreadsheet and label it. It’s here that we’ll output the solution of our squares. The squares don’t have to be next to each other, nor does the output section; it can be anywhere on the page.

Type the following formula into the first cell in the new column: =SUMSQ(

From here you can add the letter and number combination of the column and row manually, or just click it with the mouse. We’ll use the mouse, which autofills this section of the formula with cell A2.

Add a comma and then we’ll add the next number, from B2 this time. Just type in B2 to the formula, or click the appropriate cell to autofill it.

Close the parenthesis and press “Enter” on the keyboard to display the sum of both squares. Alternatively, if you can keep going here, adding additional cells by separating each with a comma within the formula.

To apply the formula to additional cells, look for the small filled square in the cell that contains the solution to our first problem. In this example, it’s C2.

Click the square and drag it down to the last row of number pairs to automatically add the sum of the rest of the squares.

Finding the Sum of Squares for Just a Few Cells

In our “Sum of Squares” column we created in the previous example, C2 in this case, start typing the following formula:


Alternatively, we can just add the numbers instead of the cells to the formula, as either way gets us to the same place.

That formula looks like this:

=SUM((9)^2, (29)^2)

You can alter these formulas as needed, changing the cells, adding additional numbers, or finding the sum of squares that aren’t even in your workbook, for example. And while it’s easier to follow along with the above tutorial, using the SUMSQ formula, to find the solution for multiple squares, it’s often easier to just type out a quick formula like this if it’s not something you’ll be repeating throughout the workbook.

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How to Get a Spotlight-Style Search Bar on Windows 10

On a Mac, a system-wide search and launch feature called Spotlight is only a shortcut away with Command+Space. Thanks to PowerToys, Windows 10 can have a similar search and run bar as well when you hit Alt+Space. Here’s how to set it up.

The Power of Microsoft PowerToys

With a PowerToys module called PowerToys Run, you can press Alt+Space and see a quick pop-up search bar appear from anywhere in Windows 10. Once it appears, you can search for applications and documents and run or open them quickly. To get this handy search bar, you’ll need to install PowerToys, a free collection of Windows 10 utilities from Microsoft.

Once PowerToys is installed, launch PowerToys Setup and select “PowerToys Run” in the sidebar. Then make sure that “Enable PowerToys Run” is switched on.

After that, close PowerToys Setup and try out your new search bar. Press Alt+Space and a minimalist search bar will appear in the center of your screen.

Once you type in a search, you can hit Enter to immediately launch (or open) the first result, or you can choose from the results in the list with your mouse or cursor keys and hit Enter.

You can also use several “power user” buttons that appear beside each result to perform certain handy actions. Here’s what they do.

  • Copy icon: This copies the file path to the clipboard (only applies to documents).
  • Box with a Shield: This runs the app as administrator (only applies to programs).
  • Folder: This opens the containing folder, revealing the file or app’s location in File Explorer.
  • C:\ Box: This opens a path to the file or document in a command prompt.

But don’t just think of PowerToys Run as a glorified search bar. You can also use the PowerToys Run box as a replacement for the Windows+R “Run” dialog. Just pull up the box with Alt+Space, type a command, and hit Enter, and the program will run instantly.

It’s just one more way that PowerToys delivers a more convenient and powerful Windows 10 experience. If you like PowerToys Run, it’s worth taking the time to explore other PowerToys features. New ones are often added to the suite over time.

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Winrmsrv.exe requiring Firewall Access? It’s Definitely a Malware

Did you just turn ON your computer and this Windows Firewall dialogue shows up requiring Firewall permission for winrmsrv.exe? Yes, it is most definitely a virus / trojan / malware. Because the original Microsoft Windows winrmsrv file does not need any Network access.

How to ensure if winrmsrv really is a malware?

If you’re still doubtful and want to make sure that the winrmsrv.exe file located in the C:\Windows\System32\winrmsrv.exe really is a virus or trojan them here’s what you need to do.

Go to your Web browser and open Now click on the File option and select Choose File. Browse to the location of the winrmsrv.exe file (C:\Windows\System32\winrmsrv.exe) and upload the file to Virustotal.

VirusTotal scans the file with a number of popular Anti-virus and Anti-malware engines and gives you the result immediately. If you see that there are multiple anti-viruses reporting the file as a Trojan or malware then it is definitely a malware. Now that you are certain that this file is a Trojan / Malware, the next step is to remove it.

How to Remove winrmsrv from your PC

We have tried removing it by installing a number of popular Anti-viruses (both Free and Paid) and the most effective and quickest way was to remove it with MalwareBytes. Simply download the Free version of Malwarebytes from HERE. You don’t need the premium version to remove the virus from your PC. The free version will be sufficient.

Once it’s downloaded, go ahead and install it on your PC. After installing it, start a complete Scan of your PC. After a few minutes, you will get the result of the Scan. You should be able to find the entry of the winrmsrv virus among the list of infected files.

Now click on Quarantine to get rid of all the viruses and malwares found on your system. After that it should be as good as new.

Winrmsrv can be a very dangerous file for your PC. Most Anti-virus engines classify it as a Trojan and Crypto-miner. The attacker can gain full control of your PC. It can also be used to mine crypto-currency from your PC. In this case your PC will give very degraded performance and you will notice huge lags while browsing or gaming etc.

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How to Fix Laptop Screen going Messy or Distorted while on Battery

Have you encountered such a problem when your Laptop screen suddenly starts to distort and get messy while on battery (un-plugged)? Well, you’re not the first one because many users have complained about this issue from time to time. You will be surprised to know that there’s actually a very easy fix for it. All you need to do is configure a specific setting in your Intel Graphics control panel.

There are two settings that are actually responsible for this issue:

  • Rate switching
  • Power Saving Technology

To put it simply, you need to disable the Power saving options in the Intel Graphics properties. Below I will show you how to do exactly that.

How to Adjust Power settings to Fix Laptop Screen Distortion

Here are simple steps with screenshots that will get rid of the messy / distorted Laptop screen issue:

  • Go to the Intel Graphics Properties from your Windows Desktop.
  • In the Intel Graphics control Panel you should see multiple options including Basic mode, Advanced mode and Wizard mode. Select Advanced mode and click OK.
  • In the next window, select the Power option from the left menu and then select On Battery in the drop down.
  • In the next screen, you need to disable the power conservation features by unchecking both options: “Display Refresh Rate Switching” and “Display Power saving Technology”.
  • After unchecking both options, click on “Apply” and then click “Ok”.
  • This procedure will solve the problem once and for all. If for some reason the problem still persists, that means there is something wrong with the screen or the external graphics adapter. For most users, this technique fixes the issue.
  • You can test by plugging and unplugging the power adapter from your laptop. There should be no distortion or messy screen when the PC is on battery.
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How to Disable Internal Laptop Keyboard in Windows OS

Sometimes, due to any reason you may want to disable or block your internal Laptop keyboard. In this guide I am going to show you how to do that in Windows OS without installing any third-party software or application. There could be a number of reasons why you would want to disable the Internal Keyboard. Here are some of the most common scenarios that users usually face:

  • Laptop keyboard is malfunctioning and is not usable anymore
  • You want to use an external keyboard instead of the built-in one
  • Some keys are malfunctioning, causing problems while operating the PC
  • Internal keyboard wiring is faulty and is automatically deleting files or sending commands

Sometimes, you don’t want to visit the local repair store because it’s just not worth it. The repair process can be cumbersome and fixing the laptop might charge you a lot of money. In some scenarios, it is just easier to plugin an external USB Keyboard and use it instead. We are going to explore a way to turn off the keyboard without installing any software on your PC. Windows offers built-in utilities and tools to achieve that within a matter of minutes.

Steps to Disable Keyboard

The procedure is very simple. You can easily disable or block any device including Keyboard, Mouse, Touchpad, USB storage or any other device with the Local Group Policy editor. Group Policy editor is a built-in Windows utility that allows you to control every aspect of your Windows PC. If you know how to properly use this tool, it will give you super power over your PC.

Follow the steps below to turn off your Laptop keyboard by changing the Group Policies:

  • Open the ‘Run’ window and type gpedit.msc and press Enter.
  • Now, under the Computer Configuration, traverse to the following path: Administrative Templates > System > Device Installation > Device Installation Restrictions.
  • Under the list of policies, you need to select the one that says Prevent Installation of devices that match any of these device IDs and then double-click on it.
  • Next, select the Enabled option and click on the Show button to open the Contents window. In this window, you will need to enter the Device ID for the Keyboard you wish to disable.
  • Now, as you can guess, you need to extract the device ID of the keyboard you want to block. To do that, you need to go to the Device Manager. To open Device manager, you can search in the Windows search bar and you will see it in the search results.
  • In the Device manager, go to the Keyboard container, right-click on the Keyboard that needs to be blocked and click on Properties.
  • Now go to the Details tab and select hardware ids from the drop down menu.
  • Afterwards, select the top most hardware id and, right-click on it and select Copy.
  • Go back to the Show contents window of the Group policy editor and paste the hardware id of the keyboard and click OK.
  • Once that’s done, the final step is to uninstall the driver of the Keyboard device from the Device manager. In the Device manager, right-click on the Keyboard and click on Uninstall Device.
  • That’s all you need to do. Once you have completed all these steps, it is time to test the new policy setting. To test it, simply restart your PC and try using the keyboard keys. If everything went right, the keyboard will not work. Now you can plugin an external keyboard and use it instead.
  • How to Revert the Policy Setting

    If ever in the future you need to revert the configuration, it can be done very easily. Go to the policy setting and instead of the Enabled option, select Not Configured. Then restart the PC. This will revert the policy setting and now you will be able to use your keyboard just like before.That’s all you need to do. Once you have completed all these steps, it is time to test the new policy setting. To test it, simply restart your PC and try using the keyboard keys. If everything went right, the keyboard will not work. Now you can plugin an external keyboard and use it instead.

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How to Restrict USB Read and Write Access in Windows 10

In many situations you might need to restrict USB storage Read and Write access on your Windows 10 system. In this guide I am going to show you a very easy way to do that without typing any commands. Fortunately, Windows gives you granular control over your devices without having the need to install any third party software.

Here are some of the most logical reasons you might want to control USB device access on your PC:

  • To safeguard your PC from malware and viruses. USB devices are the primary source of malware infections
  • To protect your data from getting stolen by anyone with physical access to your PC
  • Not letting someone Live Boot another Operating System and get into your HDD storage

There can be various reasons, and honestly, it is very likely that you may face such a situation at some point. These kind of attacks are more occurring than you might imagine. Any newbie hacker or script kiddie can easily get into your system with just a USB stick.

Restrict / Disable USB Read and Write Access via Group Policy

We are going to look at two ways to disable USB device Read and Write access in Windows 10. Windows comes with Group Policies that control the working environment for Users and Computer accounts. You can easily control your USB device’s permissions by configuring a group policy. Here are two scenarios that you can control:

Denying Access for All Users (Method-1)

Restricting USB devices for all users can be done with a few very easy steps:

  1. First you need to open the Local Group Policy editor. To do that, go to the ‘Run’ and type gpedit.msc and click Enter.

2. One the group policy editor opens, you will see two options: “Computer Configuration” and “User Configuration”. Open the User Configuration by double-clicking on it:

3. In the next Window, browse to the following path: Administrative Templates > System > Removable Storage Access.

4. In the next Window you will see a list of Group Policy settings that includes different types of devices including CD and DVD, Floppy Drives, Tape drives, WPD devices and Removable Disks. The ones that we are interested are Removable Disks. From these settings you can control both Read / Write permissions for USB flash drives. Let’s go ahead and Deny both the Read and Write Permissions:

5. Double click on both the permissions one by one and select the Enable option to enforce these restrictions. Click ‘Apply’ and then ‘OK’.

6. After applying these restrictions, you can check whether the settings have applied correctly or not. To check that, insert a USB flash drive into your system’s USB port and try to open it from ‘My Computer’. It should give the following message:

7. If you see this message, that means the policy setting has applied correctly and you have successfully restricted access to USB drives for all users. To remove the policy setting, simply go back to the settings and select Not Configured. It’s that simple.

Denying Access for a Specific User (Method-2)

If you need to restrict USB access for a specific user that uses your computer and not yourself then it’s also possible. The way to do it is a bit different than the method explained above. With this method, you can also enforce these restrictions for Administrators and Non-Administrators separately. Here are the steps to do it:

  • First you need to open the Run dialog box and type mmc.exe and press Enter. This will open the Microsoft Management Console.
  • In the Console Window, click on the ‘File’ menu and select Add/Remove Snap-in.
  • In the list of Available Snap-ins, select Group Policy Object Editor and click on Add.
  • A window of Group Policy Wizard will pop up. Here you will have to click the browse button to be able to select the User groups of your choice.
  • In the next window, click on the Users tab and select the user for which you want to impose the restriction. Click OK and then click ‘Finish’.
  • After clicking OK, you should see the Group Policy Editor window just like we saw it in the first method. Simply double-click the container and you will see the same Group policy settings that were described in the first method.
  • Now you have to follow the same path: User Configuration > Administrative Templates > System > Removable Storage Access and apply the same Read / Write Deny policy setting on Removable disks. Once it’s done, you can test the policy setting by logging in from that particular User and plugging in the USB storage device. You should see the same error message.
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