ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a non-governmental, independent international organization that develops and publishes standards for various industries and fields, including security.
The first standard was developed was title ISO/R1:1951 Standard Reference Temperature for Industrial Length Measurements in 1951. Since then, ISO has been responsible for publishing more than twenty thousand international standards that addresses technology, working conditions, scientific testing, societal issues, quality, and more.
ISO has published several security-related standards, such as:
- ISO/IEC 27001: Information Security Management System (ISMS) – This standard provides a framework for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving an information security management system. It includes a systematic approach to managing sensitive company information and associated risks.
- ISO/IEC 27002: Code of practice for information security controls – This standard provides a set of best practices and guidelines for information security management.
- ISO/IEC 27005: Risk management for information security – This standard provides guidelines for information security risk management, including risk assessment and treatment.
- ISO/IEC 27701: Privacy Information Management System (PIMS) – This standard provides a framework for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving a privacy information management system.
- ISO/IEC 22301: Business Continuity Management System (BCMS) – This standard provides a framework for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving a business continuity management system.
ISO standards are developed by consensus among representatives from various stakeholders, including industry, government, and academia. These standards provide a common language and a shared understanding of best practices in security, making it easier for organizations to implement and manage security programs.
Implementing ISO standards can help organizations to:
- Establish a systematic approach to security management
- Identify and manage risks related to sensitive information
- Ensure compliance with legal, regulatory, and contractual requirements
- Improve the effectiveness and efficiency of security operations
- Enhance customer confidence in the security of their data
ISO standards are internationally recognized and can help organizations to demonstrate their commitment to security and privacy to customers, partners, and other stakeholders.