Password spraying: Password spraying is a type of cyber attack that involves using a single, commonly-used password to try to gain access to multiple accounts, rather than using a unique password for each account. The goal is to identify vulnerable accounts by trying a small number of passwords against a large number of usernames, rather than trying a large number of passwords against a single username. Password spraying is often used against organizations with weak password policies, or those that allow users to reuse passwords across multiple accounts.
Password spraying is a type of brute-force attack where the attacker targets multiple accounts with a small number of passwords, rather than using a different password for each account. The goal of password spraying is to identify which accounts are using weak passwords, so that the attacker can then focus their efforts on cracking those accounts using more traditional brute-force methods.
Password spraying is effective because many users still use weak, easily guessable passwords, such as “password123” or “admin”. The attacker starts by trying a few common passwords against a large number of accounts, hoping to find a small number of accounts that use one of those passwords. They can then use those accounts to escalate their privileges and gain access to sensitive data.
To protect against password spraying attacks, you can follow these steps:
- Use strong passwords: Use strong and unique passwords for each of your accounts, and make sure they are at least 12 characters long and include a mix of letters, numbers, and symbols.
- Enable two-factor authentication (2FA): Two-factor authentication provides an extra layer of security by requiring a second factor, such as a security token or a one-time code sent to your phone, in addition to your password.
- Regularly update your passwords: Regularly change your passwords and use a password manager to securely store your passwords.
- Monitor your accounts: Regularly monitor your accounts for any suspicious activity and report any unauthorized access immediately.
- Be cautious of phishing scams: Be cautious of phishing scams that try to trick you into giving up your password, and always verify the authenticity of emails and websites before entering your password.
- Use a security solution: Consider using a security solution such as a personal firewall or antivirus software to protect your devices and networks against attacks.
- Stay informed: Stay informed about the latest security threats and best practices for protecting yourself against them.