TRACERT

Configurare noua (How To)

Situatie

TRACERT –este un utilitar in linie de comandă care este utilizat pentru a urmări calea unui pachet de date de la expeditor pana la destinatie.

 

Solutie

Cum se utilizează utilitarul TRACERT:

TRACERT determină ruta pachetelor de ecou de la sursa la destinație cu ajutorul  ICMP. Internet Control Message Protocol (abreviat ICMP) este un protocol din suita TCP/IP care folosește la semnalizarea și diagnosticarea problemelor din rețea. În aceste pachete, TRACERT utilizează diverse valori ale IP Time-la-Live (TTL). TRACERT afiseaza o lista ordonată a ruterele intermediare care returnează ICMP mesaje “Timp depășit”.

Sintaxa

Usage: tracert [-d] [-h maximum_hops] [-j host-list] [-w timeout]

               [-R] [-S srcaddr] [-4] [-6] target_name

 

Options:

    -d                                                   Nu afisat adresele DNS.

    -h [maximum_hops ]                   Numarul maxim de incercari/noduri pentru a gasi tinta.

    -j [host-list]                                   Afiseaza sursa libera in lista nodurilor  (IPv4-only).

    -w [timeout]                                  Timpul de asteptare in milisecunde pentru fiecare raspuns.

    -R                                                   Afiseaza calea rotunzita (IPv6-only).

    -S srcaddr                                     Adresa sursa folosind (IPv6-only).

    -4                                                    Fortare folosire  IPv4.

    -6                                                     Fortare folosire IPv6.

 

C:Usersxxxx>tracert google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 30 hops:

1 1 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 15 ms 15 ms 15 ms adsl92-86-134-1.romtelecom.net [92.86.134.1]
3 17 ms 23 ms 17 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 35 ms 33 ms 31 ms 10.0.200.142
6 32 ms 32 ms 31 ms 72.14.210.42
7 32 ms 32 ms 32 ms 74.125.242.241
8 147 ms 35 ms 33 ms 216.239.35.251
9 31 ms 31 ms 31 ms bud02s28-in-f3.1e100.net [172.217.20.3]

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -d google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 30 hops:

1 2 ms 2 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 16 ms 15 ms 15 ms 92.86.134.1
3 16 ms 15 ms 17 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 33 ms 32 ms 32 ms 10.0.200.142
6 33 ms 31 ms 32 ms 72.14.210.42
7 32 ms 33 ms 35 ms 74.125.242.241
8 35 ms 33 ms 34 ms 216.239.35.251
9 33 ms 32 ms 31 ms 172.217.20.3

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -d -h 25 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 25 hops:

1 2 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 18 ms 15 ms 15 ms 92.86.134.1
3 16 ms 17 ms 18 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 33 ms 31 ms 32 ms 10.0.200.142
6 32 ms 32 ms 32 ms 72.14.210.42
7 43 ms 33 ms 32 ms 74.125.242.241
8 34 ms 33 ms 33 ms 216.239.35.251
9 33 ms 31 ms 32 ms 172.217.20.3

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -d -h 8 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 8 hops:

1 1 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 15 ms 14 ms 15 ms 92.86.134.1
3 17 ms 16 ms 15 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * ^C
C:UsersCornel>tracert -d -h 8 -w 25 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 8 hops:

1 2 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 17 ms * 15 ms 92.86.134.1
3 19 ms 19 ms 26 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 32 ms 43 ms 32 ms 10.0.200.142
6 49 ms 31 ms 31 ms 72.14.210.42
7 32 ms 33 ms 32 ms 74.125.242.241
8 44 ms 34 ms 32 ms 216.239.35.251

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -d -h 10 -w 15 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 10 hops:

1 1 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1
2 15 ms 15 ms 15 ms 92.86.134.1
3 16 ms 16 ms 15 ms 10.0.246.101
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 32 ms 33 ms 32 ms 10.0.200.142
6 31 ms 31 ms 31 ms 72.14.210.42
7 32 ms 33 ms 32 ms 74.125.242.241
8 33 ms 35 ms 35 ms 216.239.35.251
9 31 ms 32 ms 31 ms 172.217.20.3

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -j -h 10 -w 15 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 10 hops:

1 * * * Request timed out.
2 * * * Request timed out.
3 * * * Request timed out.
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 * * * Request timed out.
6 * * * Request timed out.
7 * * * Request timed out.
8 * * * Request timed out.
9 * * * Request timed out.
10 * * * Request timed out.

Trace complete.

C:UsersCornel>tracert -j -h 10 -w 15 google.ro

Tracing route to google.ro [172.217.20.3]
over a maximum of 10 hops:

1 * * * Request timed out.
2 * * * Request timed out.
3 * * * Request timed out.
4 * * * Request timed out.
5 * * * Request timed out.
6 * * * Request timed out.
7 * * * Request timed out.
8 * * * Request timed out.
9 * * * Request timed out.
10 * * * Request timed out.
.

 

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