Back up your files with Time Machine on Mac

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With Time Machine, you can back up files on your Mac that weren’t part of the macOS installation, such as apps, music, photos, and documents. When Time Machine is turned on, it automatically backs up your Mac and performs hourly, daily, and weekly backups of your files.

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When you use Time Machine, Time Machine also saves a local snapshot you can use to recover previous versions of files, even if your backup disk is not attached. These snapshots are created hourly, stored on the same disk as the original files, and saved for up to 24 hours or until space is needed on the disk. Local snapshots are only created on disks using the Apple File System (APFS).

Note: If you’re using APFS, local snapshots are created on your APFS disk, regardless of whether the disk is on a Mac notebook or desktop Mac. If you accidentally delete or change a file, you can use Time Machine to recover it.

When you open Time Machine, you see a blurred screen with multiple Finder screens stacked to represent backups. Click the arrows to navigate through your backups (or click in the backup timeline on the right), and choose which files to restore.

Even though Time Machine creates local snapshots on computers using APFS, it’s recommended that you back up your files to a location other than your internal disk, such as an external hard disk, a disk on your network, or a Time Capsule. That way, if anything ever happens to your internal disk or to your Mac, you can restore your entire system to another Mac.

  1. Connect an external hard disk to your Mac and turn the disk on.You’re asked if you want to use the disk to back up your Mac.

    Important: If you create a backup on a Mac running Big Sur, the backup isn’t compatible with Macs running older versions of macOS.

  2. On your Mac, click Use As Backup Disk, then follow the instructions in Time Machine preferences. To open Time Machine preferences, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, then click Time Machine.

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